14 August independence day
Pakistan emerged from the Pakistani movement; The Pakistani movement sought to create an independent Muslim state by dividing the northwest region of South Asia and was led by the All India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinn. This event was proclaimed by the Indian Independence Act of 1947, under which the British Indian Empire granted independence to the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan), which included West Pakistan (present-day Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
In the Islamic calendar, the day of independence coincided with Ramadan 27, the eve of which is considered sacred by Muslims. The main ceremony takes place in Islamabad, where the national flag is raised in the buildings of the president and parliament, followed by the national anthem, as well as the leaders’ TV appearances. Common celebrations on this day include flag-raising ceremonies, parades, cultural events, and patriotic songs.
HISTORY AND BACKGROUND
The territory that makes up Pakistan has historically been part of the British Indian Empire. The East India Company began its trade in South Asia in the 17th century, and the company’s reign began in 1757 when they won the Battle of Plassey. Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Indian Government Act of 1858 resulted in the British Crown assuming direct control of India. The All India Muslim League was founded by the All India Muslim Education Conference in Dhaka in 1906 in the context of the circumstances resulting from the division of Bengal in 1905 and the party aimed at creating a separate Muslim state.
The post-World War I period was marked by British reforms such as the Montague-Chelmsford reforms, but it also witnessed the adoption of the Rowlett Act of repression and strong calls for self-government from Indian activists. Widespread discontent during this period developed into nationwide non-violent movements of non-cooperation and civil disobedience. The idea of a separate religious state was introduced by Allama Iqbal in his speech as president of the Muslim League in December 1930. Years later, the name “Pakistan” as the name of a separate state was proposed in a statement by Choudhary Rahmat Ali. Like Iqbal, Bengal was dropped from Rahmat Ali’s proposal.
In the 1940s, as the Indian independence movement intensified, there was a surge in Muslim nationalism led by the All India Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah .: 195–203 As a political party defending the interests of the Muslim diaspora in British India, the Muslim League played a crucial role in the 1940s in the Indian independence movement and became the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state in South Asia. During the three-day general session of the All India Muslim League from March 22 to 24, 1940, an official political statement, known as the Lahore Resolution.
Jinnah presides over the session of the General Assembly of the Muslim League, at which the Pakistani resolution was adopted.
In 1946, the Labor government in Britain, tired of recent events such as World War II and numerous unrest, realized that it had neither a mandate at home, nor international support, nor the reliability of the British Indian Army to continue to control everything. more restless India. The local forces were less reliable to continue to control the increasingly rebellious India, so the government decided to end British rule in India. In 1946, the Indian National Congress, being a secular party, demanded a unified state. The Muslim majority, which disagreed with the idea of a single state, stressed the idea of Pakistan as a response to Congress’s demand for a single state. In 1946, a cabinet mission was sent to try to reach a compromise between Congress and the Muslim League, proposing a decentralized state with a lot of power given to local governments, but both sides rejected it. It also led to numerous riots in South Asia.
Finally, in February 1947, Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that the British government would grant full autonomy to British India no later than June 1948.