Halloween wallpaper phone
Halloween is a holiday that is celebrated every year on October 31, and Halloween 2020 is Saturday, October 31. The tradition originated in the ancient Celtic festival Samhain, when people lit fires and put on costumes to drive away ghosts. In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III declared November 1 a time for veneration of all saints. Soon All Saints Day included some Samhain traditions. In the evening it was known as Valentine’s Day eve, and later Halloween.
The origin of Halloween dates back to the ancient Celtic Samayn festival (pronounced seun). The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago, mainly in the area that is now Ireland, Great Britain and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1.
This day marked the end of summer, the harvest and the beginning of a dark, cold winter, a time of the year that was often associated with the death of people. The Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the border between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. On the night of October 31, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead had returned to earth.
For people completely dependent on the changing natural world, these prophecies were an important source of comfort during a long, dark winter.
To mark this event, the Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where people gathered to burn crops and animals as a sacrifice to the Celtic deities. During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, usually consisting of the heads and skins of animals, and tried to predict the fate of each other.
Did you know? One quarter of all candies sold in the USA are bought every year on Halloween.
By 43 AD The Roman Empire conquered most of Celtic territory. For 400 years, when they ruled the Celtic lands, two feasts of Roman origin were combined with the traditional Celtic feast of Samhain.
The first was Feralia, a day in late October, when the Romans traditionally celebrated the death of the dead. The second was a day in honor of Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruits and trees. The symbol of Pomona is an apple, and the inclusion of this holiday in Samhain probably explains the apple bobbing tradition that is practiced today on Halloween.
All Saints’ Day:
May 13, 609 A.D. Pope Boniface IV consecrated the Pantheon in Rome in honor of all Christian martyrs, and a Catholic holiday was established in the Western Church for the Day of All Martyrs. Later, Pope Gregory III expanded the festival to include all the saints and all the martyrs, and postponed the ceremony from May 13 to November 1.
By the 9th century, the influence of Christianity spread to Celtic lands, where it gradually mixed with ancient Celtic rites and supplanted them. In 1000 AD the church held November 2 the Day of All Souls to honor the memory of the dead. Today, it is widely believed that the church tried to replace the Celtic celebration of the dead with an appropriate church-sanctioned holiday.