Happy independence day Pakistan
My friend Syed Shamsuddin is often annoyed when people do not show up on time for meetings; some of them are one day late. For some time, he asked latecomers to wear calendars on their wrists, not watches, so that they could at least arrive on the appointed day, if not on time.
My mentor, Mr Hussein Naki, is also good at punctuality. People who have met with him or attended training seminars on human rights under his leadership will confirm this.
In 2003, I attended a seminar led by Hussein Naki hosted by the Pakistan Human Rights Commission (HRC) in Lahore. On the second or third day of the event, senior political scientist and journalist Imtiaz Alam entered the hall – he was seen for the first time –
Naki Sahab smiled, poured tobacco from his pipe into an ashtray and replied, “You were only 24 hours late, and yes, now I can understand why the Red Revolution did not make it to Pakistan in time.”
Going back to Pakistan and timeliness, I’m going to raise the issue of an important date in our national history – Pakistan Day. It is widely believed that our country appeared on the world map on August 14, 1947, but historical facts show that this issue is a little more complicated.
Murder of History – K.K. Aziz
The famous historian K.K. Aziz writes on page 180 of his book Killing History:
“The general impression, confirmed and bolstered by the official celebration of Independence, that Pakistan became free on August 14 is incorrect. The Indian Independence Act, which was introduced to the British Parliament on 4 July and became law on 15 July, laid down that the two new Dominions of India and Pakistan would become vacant at midnight on 14-15 August.
“Power was to be personally transferred to the new countries by the Viceroy, who was the only representative of the British king in India. Lord Mountbatten could not be personally present in Karachi and New Delhi at the same time. He also could not transfer power to India on the morning of August 15 and then rushes to Karachi, because by then he will become the governor-general of the new Indian dominion.
“Thus, the only practical opportunity for him was to transfer power to Pakistan on August 14, when he was still the governor of India. But this does not mean that Pakistan gained independence on August 14. The Indian Independence Act did not provide for this. ”
Indian Independence Act, 1947
A copy of the Indian Independence Act of 1947 (available here) confirms the argument advanced by KK Aziz. Clause 1 of Article 1, entitled “New Dominicans”,
India’s Independence Act is not the only proof.
Zahur-i-Pakistan – Chaudhry Muhammad Ali
Former Prime Minister Chaudhry Muhammad Ali published The Emergence of Pakistan, a semi-autobiographical account, in 1967. The translation of the Urdu book entitled “Zahur-i-Pakistan” was prepared by Bashir Ahmed Arshid. An excerpt on page 287 of Zahoor-i-Pakistan reads:
15 August 1947 was the last Friday of Ramadan ul Mubarak, one of the holiest days in Islam. On that momentous day, Quaid-i-Azam became Governor-General of Pakistan, and the cabinet was sworn in, the Crescent Star Flag was raised and Pakistan appeared on the world map.
On August 15, 1947, Quaid-i-Azam sent the following message to the people: “At this greatest moment, my thoughts are about those gallant fighters in our cause. Pakistan will remain grateful to them and cherish the memory of those who are Greater. ‘”
Chaudhry Muhammad Ali published his book 22 years after the declaration of independence and lasted until 1980, but he did not withdraw his statement on the date of declaration of independence, although it was during his life that Pakistan began to celebrate Independence Day on August 14 instead of 15, every year.
There is another credible source that confirms the fact that independence was obtained on August 15 and not August 14: a collection of speeches by Muhammad Ali Jinnah,
Jinnah’s speech on August 15
The collection entitled “Qaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah: Speeches and Statements of the Governor-General of Pakistan 1947-1948.” Includes speech titled “The World Within and The World Without” on pages 55–56. The speech follows a short introduction, and the first few lines read like this:
“Inauguration of the Pakistani Broadcasting Service on August 15, 1947. Quaid e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah