Happy independence day
August 15 is one of those days of the year when patriotism is in the air. The holiday is celebrated with great zeal and pleasure throughout the country, with official celebrations taking place at the Red Fort in New Delhi. People raise the tricolour flag, sing the anthem, fly kites and participate enthusiastically in cultural events.
This event also reminds us of our valiant freedom fighters, who fought selflessly and even sacrificed their lives for our country to achieve freedom from colonial rule. As we celebrate the 73rd Independence Day this year, we can proudly say that our country has made great strides over the years. Whether it be military, education, technology, sports or infrastructure, India has improved its performance in all areas and the way forward is certainly full of development and prosperity. Here’s everything you want to know about the significance and history of Independence Day.
Independence Day Significance and History … The history of colonialization of India began with the arrival of the East India Company in the country in the 1600s. Traders who came to trade in India soon began to exercise military and administrative control. Due to their immense military power, they began to suppress and suppress the local kingdoms and ruled over parts of the country. By 1757, they had settled in many parts of the country.
The unjust government led to widespread resentment among the villagers, and the local population began to rebel against them. The first organized uprising took place against British rule in 1857. A group of Indian soldiers rebelled against the British rank at Meerut. Called the Great Controversy of 1857 or the Sepoy Rebellion, it marked the beginning of a new era in the country’s freedom movement.
Control of India
The very next year, the British Crown in London assumed direct control of India. From 1858 to 1947, the country was ruled by the British, and representatives in the form of governors-general and viceroys were stationed in almost every state. With enormous discrimination against Indians in their homeland, the situation continued to worsen.
On April 13, 1919, the Jalianwale Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place. Many of them came from outside the city and were unaware of the imposition of martial law prohibiting meetings in public places. However, General Reginald Dyer ordered troops to fire machine guns at a crowd of Indian demonstrators and killed over a thousand people. This led to a non-cooperative movement led by Mahatma Gandhi to protest the incident. The protesters refused to buy British goods and decided to purchase local handicrafts and picket shops.
Such tragic incidents continued, including the Bengal famine of 1943, which killed up to five million people. This inequality in relation to the Indians further intensified the struggle for complete independence.
Indian leaders and revolutionaries such as Bhagat Singh, Lala Lajpat Rai, Subhas Chandra Bose, Vijalalaxi Pandit, Chandrasekhar Azad, Sukhdev, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Sarojini Naidu, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and many others have seized freedom against Britannia and many others periods of time that eventually led to the liberation of India from foreign rule.
In February 1947, British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that his government would grant British India full self-government no later than June 1948. The new governor, Lord Mountbatten, set a date for the transfer of power, believing that ongoing conflict between Congress and the Muslim League could lead to the collapse of the interim government. He chose the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender in World War II on August 15 as the date for the transfer of power. However, independence came with the division of India into the possessions of India and Pakistan.